Mary Johnston's bestselling novel To Have and To Hold was written in 1900, but it takes place in Jamestown, Virginia over the course of 1621 and 1622. She drew heavily on the rich and dramatic history of the time period, and though the brave men and women who pioneered England's first New World colony were isolated and had many problems of their own to contend with, there were some far-reaching developments, many of which would affect them in one way or another. Here's a sampling of news headlines from 1622:
February 8: King James I of England disbands the English Parliament. After years of employing the "Policy of the Spanish Match" in which James attempted to keep peace with the Spanish by negotiating a potential marriage with the Infanta Maria, his appeasement plan begins to fall apart. After executing Sir Walter Raleigh for fighting the Spanish in the New World in 1618, the public is outraged, and support for James's Spanish appeasement plan dwindles. Everything comes to a head when Spain invades Bohemia and the Rhineland. James tasks Parliament with funding a military expedition to support his son-in-law Frederick V, but Parliament drafts a petition for outright war on Spain, requests that James's son Charles marry a Protestant, and urges James to enforce the anti-Catholic laws of his country. James's response was to threaten Parliament with punishment for interfering with royal prerogative, and when Parliament issues a formal protest for their rights and freedom of speech, James rips the protest from the record book and dissolves Parliament in a fury.
To Have and to Hold.
To Have and to Hold.
November 8: The future King Charles X of Sweden is born. He would become king after his cousin Queen Christina abdicated in 1654. His reign would be dominated by war with Poland and Denmark, and be short-lived, as he died of illness six years later at the age of 37.
POSTED BY: Jenny Q
To Have and to Hold by Mary Johnston
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